Drive Electric Tennessee published the Statewide Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Needs Assessment in November, following the release of the first edition of its Electric Vehicle Roadmap on January 18, 2019. The Roadmap set a goal to boost EV adoption to 200,000 by 2028 and identified projects and initiatives local stakeholders can implement to increase EV adoption statewide.
The purpose of the assessment was to analyze the state’s current electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure and find where new chargers should be placed to promote the continued adoption of EVs. According to the assessment, the main questions explored in the project include:
- What is the coverage, usage, and state of repair of current charging infrastructure in Tennessee?
- What are the plug-in electric vehicles (PEV) charging infrastructure needs in the state to support goal of 200,000 PEVs in Tennessee by 2028?
- What gaps exist between the current infrastructure and future infrastructure needs?
To address these questions, the executive summary of the assessment is divided into four parts. According to the summary, the scope and key takeaways from each of these four parts are as follows:
- Baseline Light-Duty Assessment: In a research study of available data complemented by a field survey of 48 charging sites across the state, the assessment discovered:
- 87 percent of surveyed charging sites were fully operational, matching public data from Plugshare.
- There are opportunities for improvement with both user and host experience.
- EV Charging Use Case Tracks: Navigant’s VAST network siting optimization tool was used to identify potential geographic areas for charging infrastructure in order to meet the 200,000 EV goal. The assessment produced two maps of potential geographic areas for EV charging infrastructure to support deployment goals, which are:
- Fast charging network map: Concentrated on or near corridors and high demands sites.
- Level 2 charging network map: Complementary stations at fast charging sites and the majority of remaining use case tracks.
- Use Case Prioritization: Through an evaluation of charging use cases based on market attractiveness and social impact, the assessment found that:
- Primary market charging sites are more likely to attract private investment.
- Corridor and secondary market sites may not attract private investment and are good candidates for public funding.
- Multi-family sites are both attractive to private investment and have high social impact.
- Program Benchmarking: Data was collected on demographics, market development, utility programs, state EV policy, and outreach efforts across state and utility programs with attributes most relevant to the Tennessee market. The assessment found:
- Broad stakeholder support is important to increase EV adoption.
- Education and outreach efforts are important to successful programs.
- Utility investment in make-ready infrastructure and EV rates are common in utility programs.
As TAEBC wrote earlier this year, advanced energy solutions, such as the adoption of clean transportation solutions, present economic development and job creation opportunities for the state. This newly released assessment highlights the value of moving forward with EV projects outlined in the Roadmap and establishing Tennessee as a powerhouse for EV manufacturing and use.
This goal was realized in November, when Volkswagen broke ground on its $800 million EV expansion at its Chattanooga plant, which will produce two battery-powered cars and create 1,000 new jobs in the region.